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vienna: Stavanger Eldar Setre (Equinor) Grethe Moen (Petoro) THE DECOLONIAL ATLAS Copenhagen Søren Skou (Maersk) Calgary Doug Suttles (Encana) Rob Peabody (Husky Energy) Steve Williams (Suncor) Donald Lindsay (Teck) Tim Mckay (Canadian Natural) Moscow Alexey Miler (Gazprom Igor Sechin (Rosneft) Vagit Alekperov (Lukoil) Vadimir Bogdanov (Surgutneftegas) Viadimir Rashevsky (SUEK) Almetyevsk Tarko-Sale Surgut Leonid Mikhelson (Novatek) Vancouver Den Haag Ben van Beurden (Royal Dutch Shell) Nail Maganov (Tatneft) Ekibastuz Nikolay Korsakov (Bogatyr Komir) Katowice Krzysztof Sedakowski (Polska Grupa G Findlay Colin Marshall (Cloud Peak Energy) Gary Heminger (Marathon) Cleveland Gillette Pyongyang London Bob Dudey (BPy Jean-Sábastien Jacques (Rio Tinto) bae(KazMunayGas) Beijing Mun Myong-hak (Ministry of Coal) Dai Houliang (Sinopec) Li Fanrong (CNOOC) Ling Wen (China Energy) Zhang Jianhua (CNPC) Sauat Mynbayev (KazMunayGas) New York Alfred Rankin (NACCOohn Hess (Hess) Karviná Boleslav Kowalczyk (OKD) K TEK) Ashgabat Omaha Denver Michael Hutchinson (Westmoreland Coal) St LouRobert Murray (Mumray Energy) Glenn Kellow (Peabody) Essen Rolf Martin Schmitz (RWE) Pittsburgh John Eaves (Arch Coa Nicholas Delulis (Consol Energy) Kingsport David Stetson (Alpha Natural Resources) Ashirguli Begliyev (TurkmenGaz) Dovletdurdy Hadzhyev (Turkmennebit) Tehran Masoud Karbasian (National Iranian Oil) Baghdad Tokyo Shunichi Nakaigawa (Inpex) Bay Area Mike Wirth (Chevron) Paris Tulsa Patrick Pouyanné (Total) Joseph Craft (Alliance Resource Partners) Oklahoma City David Hager (Devon Energy) Doug Lawler (Chesapeake Energy) El Dorado Vienna Zürich Rainer Seele (OMV) Ivan Glasenberg (Glencore) Jabbar Al-luiebi (Iraq National Oil) Dallas Roger Jenkins (Murphy O) Curtis Morgan (Vistra Energy) Darren Woods (ExonMobil) Delhi Kuwait City Shashi Shankar (ONGC) Birmingham Michael Tracy (Drummond) Damascus Hashem Hashem (KPC) Kolkata Roma Wase Al-Himed (SPC) Abu Dhabi Madrid Josu lmaz (Repsol) Claudio Descalzi (Enl Anil Kumar Jha (Coal India) Houston ) Dammam Ahmed Al Jaber (ADNOC) Amin Nasser (Saudi Aramco) Kothagudem Corbin Robertson (Natural Resource Partners) David Stover (Noble Energy) John Christmann (Apache) Muscat Algiers Rachid Hachichi (Sonatrach) Bangkok Somruedee Chaimongkol (Banpu) Bahrain Raoul Restucci (PDO) Sni Sridhar (SCCL) México Octavio Romero (Pemex) AWalker (Anadarko Petroleum) Cairo Pete Bartiett (BAPCO) Tripoli Tarek El Molla (EGPC) Doha Ryan Lance (ConocoPhilips) Wiliam Way (Southwestern Energy) William Thomas (EOG Resources) Mustafa Sanalla (Libya NOC) Saad Sherida A-Kaabi (QP) Kuala Lumpur Wan Zulkiflee (Pefronas) Abuja Maikanti Baru (Nigerian National Petroleum) Caracas Bogotá Manuel Quevedo (Petróleos de Venezuela) Felipe Bayon (Ecopetrol) Quito Marcelo Proano (Petroecuador) Balikpapan Garibaldi Thohir (Adaro Energy) Palembang Luanda Carlos Saturnino (Sonangol) Arviyan Arifin (Bukit Asam) Jakarta Bob Kamandanu (Berau Coal Energy) Arsjad Rasjid (Indika Energy) Kurnia Ariawan (Kideco) Nicke Widyawati (Pertamina Saptari Hoedaja (Bumi Resources) Johannesburg-Pretoria Mark Cutifani (Anglo American) Mxolisi Mgojo (Exxaro) Stephen Comell (Sasol) Rio de Janeiro Roberto Castello Branco (Petrobras) Buenos Aires Daniel González (YPF) Melbourne Andrew Mackenzie (BHP) 100 companies are responsible for most of the world's greenhouse gas emissions These are the NAMES AND LOCATIONS of their executives Country sizes depict cumulative CO2 emissions from 1850-2011
vienna: Stavanger
 Eldar Setre (Equinor)
 Grethe Moen (Petoro)
 THE
 DECOLONIAL
 ATLAS
 Copenhagen
 Søren Skou (Maersk)
 Calgary
 Doug Suttles (Encana)
 Rob Peabody (Husky Energy)
 Steve Williams (Suncor)
 Donald Lindsay (Teck) Tim Mckay (Canadian Natural)
 Moscow
 Alexey Miler (Gazprom
 Igor Sechin (Rosneft)
 Vagit Alekperov (Lukoil) Vadimir Bogdanov (Surgutneftegas)
 Viadimir Rashevsky (SUEK) Almetyevsk
 Tarko-Sale
 Surgut Leonid Mikhelson (Novatek)
 Vancouver
 Den Haag
 Ben van Beurden (Royal Dutch Shell)
 Nail Maganov (Tatneft)
 Ekibastuz
 Nikolay Korsakov (Bogatyr Komir)
 Katowice
 Krzysztof Sedakowski (Polska Grupa G
 Findlay
 Colin Marshall (Cloud Peak Energy) Gary Heminger (Marathon)
 Cleveland
 Gillette
 Pyongyang
 London
 Bob Dudey (BPy
 Jean-Sábastien Jacques (Rio Tinto)
 bae(KazMunayGas)
 Beijing Mun Myong-hak (Ministry of Coal)
 Dai Houliang (Sinopec)
 Li Fanrong (CNOOC)
 Ling Wen (China Energy)
 Zhang Jianhua (CNPC)
 Sauat Mynbayev (KazMunayGas)
 New York
 Alfred Rankin (NACCOohn Hess (Hess)
 Karviná
 Boleslav Kowalczyk (OKD) K TEK) Ashgabat
 Omaha
 Denver
 Michael Hutchinson (Westmoreland Coal) St LouRobert Murray (Mumray Energy)
 Glenn Kellow (Peabody)
 Essen
 Rolf Martin Schmitz (RWE)
 Pittsburgh
 John Eaves (Arch Coa Nicholas Delulis (Consol Energy)
 Kingsport
 David Stetson (Alpha Natural Resources)
 Ashirguli Begliyev (TurkmenGaz)
 Dovletdurdy Hadzhyev (Turkmennebit)
 Tehran
 Masoud Karbasian (National Iranian Oil)
 Baghdad
 Tokyo
 Shunichi Nakaigawa (Inpex)
 Bay Area
 Mike Wirth (Chevron)
 Paris
 Tulsa
 Patrick Pouyanné (Total)
 Joseph Craft (Alliance Resource Partners)
 Oklahoma City
 David Hager (Devon Energy)
 Doug Lawler (Chesapeake Energy) El Dorado
 Vienna
 Zürich Rainer Seele (OMV)
 Ivan Glasenberg (Glencore) Jabbar Al-luiebi (Iraq National Oil)
 Dallas Roger Jenkins (Murphy O)
 Curtis Morgan (Vistra Energy)
 Darren Woods (ExonMobil)
 Delhi
 Kuwait City Shashi Shankar (ONGC)
 Birmingham
 Michael Tracy (Drummond)
 Damascus Hashem Hashem (KPC)
 Kolkata
 Roma Wase Al-Himed (SPC)
 Abu Dhabi
 Madrid
 Josu lmaz (Repsol) Claudio Descalzi (Enl
 Anil Kumar Jha (Coal India)
 Houston
 )
 Dammam Ahmed Al Jaber (ADNOC)
 Amin Nasser (Saudi Aramco)
 Kothagudem
 Corbin Robertson (Natural Resource Partners)
 David Stover (Noble Energy)
 John Christmann (Apache)
 Muscat
 Algiers
 Rachid Hachichi (Sonatrach)
 Bangkok
 Somruedee Chaimongkol (Banpu)
 Bahrain Raoul Restucci (PDO) Sni Sridhar (SCCL)
 México
 Octavio Romero (Pemex) AWalker (Anadarko Petroleum)
 Cairo Pete Bartiett (BAPCO)
 Tripoli Tarek El Molla (EGPC) Doha
 Ryan Lance (ConocoPhilips)
 Wiliam Way (Southwestern Energy)
 William Thomas (EOG Resources)
 Mustafa Sanalla (Libya NOC)
 Saad Sherida A-Kaabi (QP)
 Kuala Lumpur
 Wan Zulkiflee (Pefronas)
 Abuja
 Maikanti Baru (Nigerian National Petroleum)
 Caracas
 Bogotá Manuel Quevedo (Petróleos de Venezuela)
 Felipe Bayon (Ecopetrol)
 Quito
 Marcelo Proano (Petroecuador)
 Balikpapan
 Garibaldi Thohir (Adaro Energy)
 Palembang
 Luanda
 Carlos Saturnino (Sonangol)
 Arviyan Arifin (Bukit Asam)
 Jakarta
 Bob Kamandanu (Berau Coal Energy)
 Arsjad Rasjid (Indika Energy)
 Kurnia Ariawan (Kideco)
 Nicke Widyawati (Pertamina
 Saptari Hoedaja (Bumi Resources)
 Johannesburg-Pretoria
 Mark Cutifani (Anglo American)
 Mxolisi Mgojo (Exxaro)
 Stephen Comell (Sasol)
 Rio de Janeiro
 Roberto Castello Branco (Petrobras)
 Buenos Aires
 Daniel González (YPF)
 Melbourne
 Andrew Mackenzie (BHP)
 100 companies are responsible for most of the world's greenhouse gas emissions
 These are the NAMES AND LOCATIONS of their executives
 Country sizes depict cumulative CO2 emissions from 1850-2011
vienna: THT THT Bombing of Vienna (1941, Colorized)
vienna: THT
 THT
Bombing of Vienna (1941, Colorized)

Bombing of Vienna (1941, Colorized)

vienna: 1346 Moscow Stockholm openhagen Kiey London ologne Cracow Vienna Paris Milan Constantinople Marsailles Rome Barcelona detenebrate: 0xymoronic: shitarianasays: theeyesinthenight: the-sonic-screw: platinumpixels: volpesvolpes: unseilie: sarahvonkrolock: gaysexagainstawall: them-days-was-olden-as-fuck: The spread of the black death. Poland Poland, tell us your secret. Poland is the old new Madagascar.  If I remember correctly, Poland’s secret is that the jews where being blamed all over europe (as usual) as scapegoats for the black plague. Poland was the only place that accepted Jewish refugees, so pretty much all of them moved there.  Now, one of the major causes of getting the plague was poor hygiene. This proved very effective for the plague because everyone threw their poop into the streets because there were no sewers, and literally no one bathed because it was against their religion. Unless they were jewish, who actually bathed relatively often. When all the jews moved to Poland, they brought bathing with them, and so the plague had little effect there. Milan survived by quarantining its city and burning down the house of anyone showing early symptoms, with the entire family inside it.  I reblogged this tons of times, but the Milan info is new. Damn Italy, you scary. Poland: “Hey, feeling a bit down? Have a quick wash! There, you see? All better” Milan: “Aw, feeling a bit sick are we? BURN MOTHERFUCKER, BURN!!!!!” Also, this might have something to do with it: from what I understand, O blood type is uncommonly… common in Poland. Something to do with large families in small villages and a LOT of intermarriage. The black plague was caused by a bacterium that produced, in its waste in the human body, wastes that very closely mimic the “B” marker sugars on red blood cells that keep the body from attacking its own immune system. Anyone who has a B blood type had an immune system that was naturally desensitized to the presence of the bacterium, and therefore was more prone to developing the disease. Anyone who had an O type was doubly lucky because the O blood type means the total absence of ANY markers, A or B, meaning that their bodys’ immune system would react quickly and violently against the invaders, while someone with an A may show symptoms and recover more slowly, while someone with B would have just died. Because O is a recessive blood type, it shows in higher numbers when more people who carry the recessive genes marry other people who also carry the recessive gene. Poland, which has a nearly 700 year history of being conquered by or partnering with every other nation in the surrounding area, was primarily an agricultural country, focused around smaller, farming communities where people were legally tied to, and required to work, “their” land, and so historically never “spread” their genes across a large area. The economy was, and had been, unstable for a very long period of time leading up to the plague, the government had been ineffective and had very little reach in comparison to the armies of the other countries around for a very very long time, and so its people largely remained in small communities where multiple generations of cross-familial inbreeding could have allowed for this more recessive gene to show up more frequently. Thus, there could be a higher percentage of O blood types in any region of the country, guaranteeing less spread of the illness and moving slower when it did manage to travel. Combine this with the fact that there were very few large, urban centers where the disease would thrive, and with the above facts, and you’ve got a lovely recipe for avoiding the plague. Interestingly enough, as a result from the plague, the entirety of Europe now has a higher percentage of people with O blood type than any other region of the world.  WHY IS THIS ALL SO COOL When Tumblr teaches you more about the plague than 12 years of school ever did. Just to throw a nod in, as a medieval historian, this is all credible, and is the leading theory as to the plagues effectiveness at this point. So. Enjoy your new knowledge!
vienna: 1346
 Moscow
 Stockholm
 openhagen
 Kiey
 London
 ologne Cracow
 Vienna
 Paris Milan
 Constantinople
 Marsailles
 Rome
 Barcelona
detenebrate:

0xymoronic:

shitarianasays:

theeyesinthenight:

the-sonic-screw:

platinumpixels:

volpesvolpes:

unseilie:

sarahvonkrolock:

gaysexagainstawall:

them-days-was-olden-as-fuck:

The spread of the black death.

Poland

Poland, tell us your secret.

Poland is the old new Madagascar. 

If I remember correctly, Poland’s secret is that the jews where being blamed all over europe (as usual) as scapegoats for the black plague. Poland was the only place that accepted Jewish refugees, so pretty much all of them moved there. 
Now, one of the major causes of getting the plague was poor hygiene. This proved very effective for the plague because everyone threw their poop into the streets because there were no sewers, and literally no one bathed because it was against their religion. Unless they were jewish, who actually bathed relatively often. When all the jews moved to Poland, they brought bathing with them, and so the plague had little effect there.
Milan survived by quarantining its city and burning down the house of anyone showing early symptoms, with the entire family inside it. 

I reblogged this tons of times, but the Milan info is new.
Damn Italy, you scary.

Poland: “Hey, feeling a bit down? Have a quick wash! There, you see? All better”
Milan: “Aw, feeling a bit sick are we? BURN MOTHERFUCKER, BURN!!!!!”

Also, this might have something to do with it: from what I understand, O blood type is uncommonly… common in Poland. Something to do with large families in small villages and a LOT of intermarriage. The black plague was caused by a bacterium that produced, in its waste in the human body, wastes that very closely mimic the “B” marker sugars on red blood cells that keep the body from attacking its own immune system. Anyone who has a B blood type had an immune system that was naturally desensitized to the presence of the bacterium, and therefore was more prone to developing the disease. Anyone who had an O type was doubly lucky because the O blood type means the total absence of ANY markers, A or B, meaning that their bodys’ immune system would react quickly and violently against the invaders, while someone with an A may show symptoms and recover more slowly, while someone with B would have just died. Because O is a recessive blood type, it shows in higher numbers when more people who carry the recessive genes marry other people who also carry the recessive gene. Poland, which has a nearly 700 year history of being conquered by or partnering with every other nation in the surrounding area, was primarily an agricultural country, focused around smaller, farming communities where people were legally tied to, and required to work, “their” land, and so historically never “spread” their genes across a large area. The economy was, and had been, unstable for a very long period of time leading up to the plague, the government had been ineffective and had very little reach in comparison to the armies of the other countries around for a very very long time, and so its people largely remained in small communities where multiple generations of cross-familial inbreeding could have allowed for this more recessive gene to show up more frequently. Thus, there could be a higher percentage of O blood types in any region of the country, guaranteeing less spread of the illness and moving slower when it did manage to travel. Combine this with the fact that there were very few large, urban centers where the disease would thrive, and with the above facts, and you’ve got a lovely recipe for avoiding the plague.
Interestingly enough, as a result from the plague, the entirety of Europe now has a higher percentage of people with O blood type than any other region of the world. 

WHY IS THIS ALL SO COOL

When Tumblr teaches you more about the plague than 12 years of school ever did.

Just to throw a nod in, as a medieval historian, this is all credible, and is the leading theory as to the plagues effectiveness at this point. So. Enjoy your new knowledge!

detenebrate: 0xymoronic: shitarianasays: theeyesinthenight: the-sonic-screw: platinumpixels: volpesvolpes: unseilie: sarahvonkrol...

vienna: 201 TE thecarefree: Austria-Hungary (also known as the Austro-Hungarian Empire, Austro-Hungarian monarchy or k.u.k. Monarchy), more formally known as the Kingdoms and Lands Represented in the Imperial Council and the Lands of the Holy Hungarian Crown of Saint Stephen, was a constitutional monarchic union between the crowns of the Austrian Empire and the Kingdom of Hungary in Central Europe. The union was a result of the Austro-Hungarian Compromise of 1867, under which the House of Habsburg agreed to share power with the separate Hungarian government, dividing the territory of the former Austrian Empire between them. The Austrian and the Hungarian lands became independent entities enjoying equal status. Austria-Hungary was a multinational realm and one of the world’s great powers at the time. The dual monarchy existed for 51 years until it dissolved on 31 October 1918 before a military defeat on the Italian front of the First World War. In the autumn of 1918, the Austro-Hungarian Monarchy collapsed. In the capital cities of Vienna and Budapest the leftist and liberal movements and politicians (the opposition parties) strengthened and supported the separatism of ethnic minorities. These leftist or left-liberal pro-Entente maverick parties opposed the monarchy as a form of government and considered themselves internationalist rather than patriotic. Eventually, the German defeat and the minor revolutions in Vienna and Budapest gave political power to the left/liberal political parties. As it became apparent that the Allied powers of the British Empire, France, Italy and the United States would win World War I, nationalist movements which had previously been calling for a greater degree of autonomy for various areas started pressing for full independence.
vienna: 201
 TE
thecarefree:
Austria-Hungary (also known as the Austro-Hungarian Empire, Austro-Hungarian monarchy or k.u.k. Monarchy), more formally known as the Kingdoms and Lands Represented in the Imperial Council and the Lands of the Holy Hungarian Crown of Saint Stephen, was a constitutional monarchic union between the crowns of the Austrian Empire and the Kingdom of Hungary in Central Europe. The union was a result of the Austro-Hungarian Compromise of 1867, under which the House of Habsburg agreed to share power with the separate Hungarian government, dividing the territory of the former Austrian Empire between them. The Austrian and the Hungarian lands became independent entities enjoying equal status.
 Austria-Hungary was a multinational realm and one of the world’s great powers at the time. The dual monarchy existed for 51 years until it dissolved on 31 October 1918 before a military defeat on the Italian front of the First World War.
In the autumn of 1918, the Austro-Hungarian Monarchy collapsed. In the capital cities of Vienna and Budapest the leftist and liberal movements and politicians (the opposition parties) strengthened and supported the separatism of ethnic minorities. These leftist or left-liberal pro-Entente maverick parties opposed the monarchy as a form of government and considered themselves internationalist rather than patriotic. Eventually, the German defeat and the minor revolutions in Vienna and Budapest gave political power to the left/liberal political parties. 
As it became apparent that the Allied powers of the British Empire, France, Italy and the United States would win World War I, nationalist movements which had previously been calling for a greater degree of autonomy for various areas started pressing for full independence.

thecarefree: Austria-Hungary (also known as the Austro-Hungarian Empire, Austro-Hungarian monarchy or k.u.k. Monarchy), more formally kno...

vienna: Adolf Hitler is rejected from the Academy of Fine Arts in Vienna for the 2nd time (1908).
vienna: Adolf Hitler is rejected from the Academy of Fine Arts in Vienna for the 2nd time (1908).

Adolf Hitler is rejected from the Academy of Fine Arts in Vienna for the 2nd time (1908).

vienna: redlipstickresurrected:Mara Mattuschka (Bulgarian, b, 1959, Sofia, Bulgaria, based Vienna, Austria) - Cerolax II, 1985 Film Shorts, 3 min, B/W, Avant-Garde
vienna: redlipstickresurrected:Mara Mattuschka (Bulgarian, b, 1959, Sofia, Bulgaria, based Vienna, Austria) - Cerolax II, 1985 Film Shorts, 3 min, B/W, Avant-Garde

redlipstickresurrected:Mara Mattuschka (Bulgarian, b, 1959, Sofia, Bulgaria, based Vienna, Austria) - Cerolax II, 1985 Film Shorts, 3 min...

vienna: RARE: the young Adolf Hitler is applying for the Vienna school of arts (1920 colorized)
vienna: RARE: the young Adolf Hitler is applying for the Vienna school of arts (1920 colorized)

RARE: the young Adolf Hitler is applying for the Vienna school of arts (1920 colorized)

vienna: ITH OU LAD BIBLE 'Spotted this very good boy singing along with the violinist in Vienna' 😂🐶 @christinakrawec
vienna: ITH
 OU
 LAD
 BIBLE
'Spotted this very good boy singing along with the violinist in Vienna' 😂🐶 @christinakrawec

'Spotted this very good boy singing along with the violinist in Vienna' 😂🐶 @christinakrawec

vienna: xiaoxiangji: Vienna, Austria
vienna: xiaoxiangji:

Vienna, Austria

xiaoxiangji: Vienna, Austria

vienna: 1 3 StaDt+Wien goghtogo: cute gay traffic lights i saw in vienna last summer 🌈
vienna: 1 3
 StaDt+Wien
goghtogo:

cute gay traffic lights i saw in vienna last summer 🌈

goghtogo: cute gay traffic lights i saw in vienna last summer 🌈

vienna: HEATHER EON fuckyeahblackbloc: Solidarity from Vienna to Charlottesville. Heather, we do not forget. We do not forgive. Rest in power. — autonome antifa
vienna: HEATHER EON
fuckyeahblackbloc:

Solidarity from Vienna to Charlottesville. Heather, we do not forget. We do not forgive. Rest in power.
— autonome antifa

fuckyeahblackbloc: Solidarity from Vienna to Charlottesville. Heather, we do not forget. We do not forgive. Rest in power. — autonome an...

vienna: ask-victorian-austrian: Siblings Edelstein, age 10.At Home in Vienna.
vienna: ask-victorian-austrian:
Siblings Edelstein, age 10.At Home in Vienna.

ask-victorian-austrian: Siblings Edelstein, age 10.At Home in Vienna.