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Money, Period, and Run: WHAT ABOUT ILLEGAL PYRAMID SCHEMES? To protect yourself, know the difference between legal MLM and illegal pyramid schemes A few corporations run illegal pyramid or Ponzi schemes and deceive innocent people. Eventually they do get caught. ILLEGAL PYRAMID/PONZI LEGAL MLM The start-up fee is generally low primarily to cover training materials, sales aids or demonstration kits. Start-up fees for a pyramid schemes are high. Start-up fees Type of products Customers pays for tangible products or services. Prices are at market level. Customers pay for start-up fees only or for products that are of dubious value. Depend a lot on repeat selling to existing customers. Focus is on quality products which offer value for money. Almost all of their sales are from initial Repcat Sales start-up fees that direct seller pay to sign up. They are not particularly attractive or useful. Commission Commissions to direct seller is based Commissions are based on recruitment on sale of goods or services rather than on sales Payments Refund policy Many companies have a 100 percent money-back guarantee They do not allow any refunds. Rank/ position can be bought Recognition of achievement is based on efforts. More income-more effort. Direct seller rank or position Pyramid schemes are got-rich quick schemes and cannot sustain for longer period. Are interested in long-term business. Primary sales strategy Primary sales strategy is value offering Primary sales strategy is greed. Direct Selling Association Membership Though this is not mandatory in most countries, many established companies hold DSA membership. None of the pyramid schemes are members of DSA. Focus on MLM companies that are official member of DSA in your own country. Doing a little research and saw this garbage... Most search engine results for MLM info were like this, promoting/justifying it. This needs to change. The primary sales strategy really got me - "It's legal because we aren't greedy" is a dangerous attitude.
Money, Period, and Run: WHAT ABOUT ILLEGAL
 PYRAMID SCHEMES?
 To protect yourself, know the difference
 between legal MLM and illegal pyramid
 schemes
 A few corporations run illegal pyramid or
 Ponzi schemes and deceive innocent people.
 Eventually they do get caught.
 ILLEGAL PYRAMID/PONZI
 LEGAL MLM
 The start-up fee is generally low
 primarily to cover training materials,
 sales aids or demonstration kits.
 Start-up fees for a pyramid schemes
 are high.
 Start-up fees
 Type of products
 Customers pays for tangible products
 or services. Prices are at market level.
 Customers pay for start-up fees only or
 for products that are of dubious value.
 Depend a lot on repeat selling to
 existing customers. Focus is on quality
 products which offer value for money.
 Almost all of their sales are from initial
 Repcat Sales
 start-up fees that direct seller pay to
 sign up. They are not particularly
 attractive or useful.
 Commission
 Commissions to direct seller is based
 Commissions are based on recruitment
 on sale of goods or services
 rather than on sales
 Payments
 Refund policy
 Many companies have a 100 percent
 money-back guarantee
 They do not allow any refunds.
 Rank/ position can be bought
 Recognition of achievement is based
 on efforts. More income-more effort.
 Direct seller rank
 or position
 Pyramid schemes are got-rich quick schemes
 and cannot sustain for longer period.
 Are interested in long-term business.
 Primary sales
 strategy
 Primary sales strategy is value offering
 Primary sales strategy is greed.
 Direct Selling
 Association
 Membership
 Though this is not mandatory in most
 countries, many established
 companies hold DSA membership.
 None of the pyramid schemes are
 members of DSA.
 Focus on MLM companies that are official member of DSA in your own country.
Doing a little research and saw this garbage... Most search engine results for MLM info were like this, promoting/justifying it. This needs to change. The primary sales strategy really got me - "It's legal because we aren't greedy" is a dangerous attitude.

Doing a little research and saw this garbage... Most search engine results for MLM info were like this, promoting/justifying it. This needs ...

MasterCard, Period, and Redbox: rent and return at any redbox location www.redbox.com have a question? we can help! Hablo call 1-866-REDBOX3 español The checkout screen displays the dally rental charge and maximum rental period The minimum rental period is 1 day return your disc to any redbox location Daily rental charges apply to each additional day you do not return a disc by 9pm At the end of the maximum rental period, charges cease and the disc is yours to keep 1 (866) 733-2693 DISCOVER VISA Mastercard AMERICAN DXPRESS NETWORK swipe card A problem has been detected and windows has been shut down to prevent damage puter. fa peto reset the display driver and recover tr If this is the first time you've seen this Stop error restart your computer. If this screen appears again, fo1ow these steps: check to make sure any new hardware or software is properly install If this is a new installation, ask your hardware or software manufacturer for any windows updates you might need. If problems continue, disable or remove any newly installed hardware or software. Disable BIOS memory options such as caching or shadowing. If you need to use Safe Mode to remove or disable components, restart your computer, press F8 to select Advanced Startup options, and then select safe Mode. Technical information: wwSTOP: 0x00000116 (0X867DE34 0, 0x9124 F4 50, 0xC0000001,0x00000003) igdkmd32.sys - Address 9124F450 base at 9123co00, Datestamp 55db7f04 collecting data for crash dump .. Initializing disk for crash dump .. Beginning dump of physical memory. Dumping physical memory to disk: Physical memory dump complete. Contact your system admin or technical support group for further assistance. 100 DOORDASH redbox. DINNER& A MOVIE DEAL Well guess I’m not getting my hug that movie she wanted
MasterCard, Period, and Redbox: rent and return at any redbox location
 www.redbox.com
 have a question? we can help!
 Hablo
 call 1-866-REDBOX3
 español
 The checkout screen displays the dally rental charge and maximum rental period
 The minimum rental period is 1 day return your disc to any redbox location
 Daily rental charges apply to each additional day you do not return a disc by 9pm
 At the end of the maximum rental period, charges cease and the disc is yours to keep
 1 (866) 733-2693
 DISCOVER
 VISA Mastercard
 AMERICAN
 DXPRESS
 NETWORK
 swipe
 card
 A problem has been detected and windows has been shut down to prevent damage
 puter.
 fa
 peto reset the display driver and recover tr
 If this is the first time you've seen this Stop error
 restart your computer. If this screen appears again, fo1ow
 these steps:
 check to make sure any new hardware or software is properly install
 If this is a new installation, ask your hardware or software manufacturer
 for any windows updates you might need.
 If problems continue, disable or remove any newly installed hardware
 or software. Disable BIOS memory options such as caching or shadowing.
 If you need to use Safe Mode to remove or disable components, restart
 your computer, press F8 to select Advanced Startup options, and then
 select safe Mode.
 Technical information:
 wwSTOP: 0x00000116 (0X867DE34 0, 0x9124 F4 50, 0xC0000001,0x00000003)
 igdkmd32.sys - Address 9124F450 base at 9123co00, Datestamp 55db7f04
 collecting data for crash dump ..
 Initializing disk for crash dump ..
 Beginning dump of physical memory.
 Dumping physical memory to disk:
 Physical memory dump complete.
 Contact your system admin or technical support group for further assistance.
 100
 DOORDASH
 redbox.
 DINNER& A MOVIE DEAL
Well guess I’m not getting my hug that movie she wanted

Well guess I’m not getting my hug that movie she wanted

A Dream, Ali, and Being Alone: argonauticae im putting together a couple of scottish folk mixes bc that's what i do and im honestly curious if anyone in my country has ever been unequivocally happy about anything ever argonauticae scottish trad music genres: Everyone I Love Is Dead .The English Have Stolen All My Sheep You Want To Be My Boyfriend? First You Must Answer These Riddles Three .The Protestants Have Stolen All My Sheep .I Love You A Lot But You've Left Me And It's Raining [fiddle solo] The Sea Is Treacherous, Just Like The English One Time Bonnie Prince Charlie Punched Me In The Face And It Was Awesome .The Fairies Have Stolen All My Sheep 5plaidadder We have of course the traditional Irish music genres to go with them: Everyone I Love Is An Allegorical Representation of Ireland *The English Stole My Farm And Put Sheep On It You Were My Boyfriend But Now You Won't Even Come To The Window To Look Upon Me And Our Dead Infant Child (In The Rain) Whack Fol Too La Roo Umptytiddly Good They've Stopped Listening Now Let's Talk About Revolution *Something In Irish, I Think It's About Fairies, Or Maybe A Cow junkybowels oo0o can I add to this? don't forget Appalachian folk balladry, the American cousin of Scottish and Irish traditional music and just as uplifting as its Anglo-Saxon highland forbears!! genres include: I Left Everyone I Love Back Home In The Holler To Be With This Guy Who Doesn't Wear Shoes Or Have Teeth But He Plays A Mean Jug The English Told Us Not To Move West Yet, We Ignored Them, My Entire Family Was Killed You Were My Boyfriend But You Tied A Sack Of Rocks To My Petticoats And Threw Me In The Creek (And My Baby Too) .Mama Loves All 14 Of Us A Lot But She's Weary Of Our Shit And Now She's Dyin' (Gather Round) The McCleans Stole A Firewood Log From Our Pile So We Won't Rest Until The Last Of Their Male Kin Is Laid In The Cold Ground .We Knew The River Would Rise But We Still Didn't Fix The Levee The River Rose, The Levee Broke, Everyone Died, It Was Just As We Reckoned (dulcimer twang-a-lang) .When The Rebels Come A-Marchin' I'm A Southern Man And I Feed Their Horses My Best, When The Yankees Come A-Marchin' I'm A Northern Man And I Feed Their Horses What The Rebels Left .The Tennessee Valley Authority Killed All My Sheep Somehow shredsandpatches Don't forget that old standby "The Mine Collapsed and Everyone Died"! I think someone needs to put ina word for the English folk tradition though: .I Met a Girl and We Went Hunting (It Was a Metaphor for Sex) I Met a Girl and We Caught Some Birds (It Was a Metaphor for Sex) I Met a Girl and We Found Her Lost Pet (It Was a Metaphor for Sex) IMet a Girl By Staying At Her Parents' House and She Made My Bed (It Was an Especially Thinly-Veiled Metaphor for Sex) .IAm a Girl and I Regret Engaging In Metaphors for Sex Because Now I'm Pregnant .IMet a Girl and Bribed Her Into Sex But She Stole My Horse and Ran Away With It IMet a Girl At an Inn and We Had Non- Metaphorical Sex But She Stole My Stuff The Next Morning and Now I Have Syphilis Your Fiance Died Either at Trafalgar or Waterloo, Let's Get Married, I'm Glad You Said No Because I'm Really Him In Disguise Lord Nelson Sure Was Awesome The Press-Gang Dragged Off All the Important Men in My Life (And Now They Are Dead) .Farm Laborers Are The Salt of the Earth And Are Never Grindingly Poor Begging Is a Completely Viable Career Option With Flexible Hours and Unlimited Access to Alcohol infinite-magical-recipes behold mongolian folk music genres .I Went Out Riding and Noticed Mongolia We Fought a Bunch of Guys (On Horseback) Witness My Many Ungulates (While On a Horse) I Met a Hot Girl Who Reminded Me of a Plant On Three, Say What That Terrain Feature Looks Like to You (One, Two, Three, A Horse) Witness My Many Ancestors' Many Ungulates IAlso Enjoy Heavy Metal, Especially If It's Made of Horseshoes Oooorrrweeeeuuurrrreeeeuuuuwwwwwrrr rrrr (Is Tuvan for "Horse") You Might Not Know This About Me, But I Own a Horse Ee scarlettohairdye THE MONGOLIAN FOLK SONGS MADE IT BETTER churakaagii now with more okinawan! We Must Plant the Crops, Let's Get Drunk! We Must Harvest the Crops, Let's Get Drunk! .There's No Crops Right Now, Let's Get Drunk! Sex On the Beach Is Awesome, War Is Bad .There Are Ghosts in the Trees .The Japanese Exploit Us (And the Americans Do Too) I Love the Sea, This Island Is Beautiful, War Is Still Bad Hey, There's an Old Man, Let's Get Drunk! .Respect Your Parents Or You Will Be Lost at Sea Forever edamaskrosechicago As the daughter of a folksinger and spouse of a folklorist, I love this SO MUCH. Here's some from the sub-sub-genre of French folk songs of the Midwest... .IAm A Brawny-Armed Lumberjack Who Loves a Town Girl, Oh No! Oh Fuck, I Slept With a Fur Trapper, What Shall I Tell Maman? Hauling Logs, Rolling Logs, Driving Logs, All Day, What Ho! Like Hell You're Marrying That Good for Nothing Bambocheur! .Fetch My Gold Ring That Fell Into the Sea! Now! I Met A Sailor While A-Strolling, And Now We Are In Love! .IWant to Kiss the Sailor I Met A-Strolling, But I'm Afraid My Father Will Find Out! Oh Fuck, I Kissed the Sailor I Met A-Strolling And Now We Are Doomed! Nejohnnygreyart Some Italian Folk Music Genres A Spider Has Bitten Me And If I Do Not Dance I Will Die, Alas IAm A Very Fancy Man With A Very Fancy Hat The Cable Car Is A Thinly-Veiled Metaphor For Your Feminine Torture, O Woman Rome Is The Very Best Place And Every Other Place Is Just Awful I Love You, But You Are Married TLove You, But You Are Fickle (Why Did You Dance With The Baker's Son, Thou Vixen?) ILove You, But You Left Me All Alone On This Romantic Wind-Swept Hillside, Which Is Actually Very Pretty, But Not As Pretty As You, Foul Temptress Rome Is Stll The Best Place And Every Other Place Can Go Right To Hell Seriously Once You Have Been To Rome You Wll Just Be Sick At The Thought Of Being Anywhere Else, You Will Pine Away And Die TLove You, But You Are Dead (Or Maybe You Just Went To Live In A Slightly Prettier Place) Rome, Rome, O Rome, Ah Rome, Rome Rome Rome, Have I Mentioned That I Love Rome? Venetian Special Genres: Women Are Like The Ocean: Salty And Full Of Drowned Sailors Women Are Like The Ocean: I Cannot Figure Them Out At AlI I Saw You One Time At A Party And I Have Designs Upon Your Feminine Virtue TLove You, But You Are Married To The Ocean (For Some Reason) overloadextravaganza I thought I would add some Dutch ones, because I saw no one had added any: - That Girl Is A Prostitute (But At Least She Goes To Church) - That Incompetent Sailor Is Actually A Girl, But She Will Have Sex With You If You Don't Kick Her Off The Boat - Someone Of Any Occupation Is Doing Something, But Unfortunately They Are Now Dead - Fuck You Spain (Haha, We Sunk Your Boat And Stole Your Silver) - Fuck You England -We Might Be Small, But We Will Fight You - Life Isn't So Bad, If You Just Go Outside - Fuck You Winter -Look At That Guy (Wild Racism) - We Like Going To Other Countries (More Wild Racism) - Drinking Is Fun - Drinking Makes Me Long For Sea - God Is My Dad - My Province Is Great And Full Of Nature dI0iso Some nice Russian folk songs: . There Was A War And Everyone is Dead, There's Also a Symbolic Bird There is Going to Be a War And Everyone Will Die, There's Also a Sybmolic Bird The Dyeing Is Happening Right Now, There's Also a Symbolic Bird .I Had a Dream About Us Dying (No Birds Involved) .Alas You Are Dead .I'm a Bird, I Drink Vodka .Fuck It's Cold Frost Do Not Freeze Me Do Not Freeze My Horse Do Not Freeze My Wife PleaseI Have Children And my personal favourite: Ayy Lmao This Guys Head Just Got Shot Off, We Are Going to Die Hahaha tarsfatalis just couldn't miss an opportunity to provide you a comprehensive summary of Ukrainian folk music genres. I Married To A Man And Moved Far From My Home But I Want Fucking Back On My Fucking Land To My Parents And A Guy Whom I Actually Planned To Marry Before My Society's Patriarchal Structure Destroyed My Life A Guy Whom I Loved Loved Me And Also A Some Other Bitch So I Poisoned Him So That Nobody Gets Him This Is My Land And I Love It Very Much, Period -I Made A Traditional Kupala Wreath And Released It On Water To Find My Love, No Sexual Hits Involved I Have A Veeery Deeeeep Well In My Garden, And Also A Veeery Curly-Wurly Cabbage, And Also A Veeery Sweeeet Carrot Growing There, Come On Guys Check It Out, Oh, And There Are Totally No Sexual Hints Graphic Descriptions Of Lesbian Sex Everybody Is Dead After A Battle But There Is One Particular Cossack Whom I Am Especially Obligated To Mourn About Because He Is A Representative Of Our Entire Nation's Young People The Couple Cannot Be Together Because Of Various Reasons And Everybody Cries The Couple Cannot Be Together Because Of Various Reasons And Everybody Cries And It's Compared To Some Sad Shit Happening In Nature Let's Kill All People Who Threaten Ukraine Hahaha Yay! Let's Kill All People Who Threaten Ukraine And Involve Some Couple Who Cannot Be Together Because Of Various Reasons And Everybody Cries travelingworkshop Adding these well-known Cajun hits -I have a boat and have procured many crawfish do you love me? I sure do love crawfish, boats, the bayou, and also dancing My girlfriend can cook, and is therefore superior your girlfriend, who cannot my girlfriend cannot cook and is therefore inferior to all other girlfriends I saw you over a pile of crawfish and knew l was in love (on the bayou) a list of regional dishes set to the tune of kitchen utensils Lfurikomaru Canada checking in: -There was a ship and everyone on it was brave as it sank in a storm on the ocean or possibly one of our many inland-sea-sized lakes, please remember the name of the ship We fell in love when we were young and we didn't actually understand each other and you figured that out before I did because I'm slow- witted and you're kind of a jerk so you left me (now listen to this sick organ/fiddle/guitar harmonica/piano solo) Fuck the railroad, fuck the government, and especially fuck the HBC Gosh everything in this country is inhumanly big and inconvenient and trying to kill us, we're so lucky to live here, it's so majestic -The English stole our sheep and exiled my true love to Louisiana That's Cute an indigenous/ Métis coproduction after hearing that last one Well we're all in debt and working in a mine fucking sucks but at least we can get drunk and go dancing on the weekends This guy went to prison for a crime he didn't commit/did commit but with the most sympathetic motive for doing it ever and now he's out of jail and everything is bittersweet, either because he broke out and has to go back or because he's lost years of his life to a broken legal system. HELLO OUT THERE, WE'RE ON THE AIR, IT'S HOCKEY NIGHT TONIGHT! wetwareproblem Nova Scotia special edition: The sea sucks and left me a broken wreck of my former self. The sea sucks and killed my one true love. Working in a mine sucks and will kill you The weather sucks and will kill you. Poverty sucks and will kill you. -I desperately wish I could return home to Nova Scotia, that beautiful gem in the sea. janeandthehivequeen Oh I love this post so much cedrwydden Welsh Folk Songs . The Wren Is The Best Bird (And Delicious!) .I'm Gay For Owain Glyndwr .My Goats/Sheep/Cows Are Better Than Yours Lullaby About Killing Things Fuck You, England I'm Dying, But First...A Harp Solo .IWas Busy Thinking About A Girl And The Cows Ran Away .Got Dumped, Time To Die In The Woods .Wales Is Really Pretty, Our Trees Are The Best Owen Cheated On Me, So I Had Sex With David .IAlso Had Sex With The Hot Crwth Player And It Was Amazing .Life Is Suffering *BAGPIPES* 1dduane Maybe it would be dangerous to add that I'm working on the Middle Kingdoms version of these... ) fvondazs Get a load of these Malay folk songs: Check Out That Really Cute Girl With Nice Legs I'm in Love We Love Each Other But Your Parents Won't Let Us Get Married Cause I'm Poor We Love Each Other But Then You Changed Your Mind I'm Going To Work At Sea/Faraway From You Please Don't Cheat On Me Paddy Fields Oh Woe Is Me A Traveller In Foreign Lands I Wanna Go Home Where It Rain Rocks Be Nice to Everyone I Left to Get Rich Cause Your Parents Are Materialistic Jerks But I Come Back to Find You're Married to That Rich Guy Anyway -I Love You But You Don't Love Me Back Oh My Bleeding Heart -I'm a Traveller in These Foreign Lands Please Be Nice to Me More Paddy Fields Source: argona.. 121,562 notes Traditional songs around the world
A Dream, Ali, and Being Alone: argonauticae
 im putting together a couple of scottish folk
 mixes bc that's what i do and im honestly
 curious if anyone in my country has ever been
 unequivocally happy about anything ever
 argonauticae
 scottish trad music genres:
 Everyone I Love Is Dead
 .The English Have Stolen All My Sheep
 You Want To Be My Boyfriend? First You
 Must Answer These Riddles Three
 .The Protestants Have Stolen All My Sheep
 .I Love You A Lot But You've Left Me And
 It's Raining [fiddle solo]
 The Sea Is Treacherous, Just Like The
 English
 One Time Bonnie Prince Charlie Punched
 Me In The Face And It Was Awesome
 .The Fairies Have Stolen All My Sheep
 5plaidadder
 We have of course the traditional Irish music
 genres to go with them:
 Everyone I Love Is An Allegorical
 Representation of Ireland
 *The English Stole My Farm And Put Sheep
 On It
 You Were My Boyfriend But Now You Won't
 Even Come To The Window To Look Upon Me
 And Our Dead Infant Child (In The Rain)
 Whack Fol Too La Roo Umptytiddly Good
 They've Stopped Listening Now Let's Talk
 About Revolution
 *Something In Irish, I Think It's About Fairies,
 Or Maybe A Cow
 junkybowels
 oo0o can I add to this? don't forget
 Appalachian folk balladry, the American cousin
 of Scottish and Irish traditional music and just
 as uplifting as its Anglo-Saxon highland
 forbears!!
 genres include:
 I Left Everyone I Love Back Home In The
 Holler To Be With This Guy Who Doesn't
 Wear Shoes Or Have Teeth But He Plays A
 Mean Jug
 The English Told Us Not To Move West Yet,
 We Ignored Them, My Entire Family Was
 Killed
 You Were My Boyfriend But You Tied A
 Sack Of Rocks To My Petticoats And
 Threw Me In The Creek (And My Baby Too)
 .Mama Loves All 14 Of Us A Lot But She's
 Weary Of Our Shit And Now She's Dyin'
 (Gather Round)
 The McCleans Stole A Firewood Log From
 Our Pile So We Won't Rest Until The Last
 Of Their Male Kin Is Laid In The Cold
 Ground
 .We Knew The River Would Rise But We
 Still Didn't Fix The Levee
 The River Rose, The Levee Broke,
 Everyone Died, It Was Just As We
 Reckoned (dulcimer twang-a-lang)
 .When The Rebels Come A-Marchin' I'm A
 Southern Man And I Feed Their Horses My
 Best, When The Yankees Come A-Marchin'
 I'm A Northern Man And I Feed Their
 Horses What The Rebels Left
 .The Tennessee Valley Authority Killed All
 My Sheep Somehow
 shredsandpatches
 Don't forget that old standby "The Mine
 Collapsed and Everyone Died"!
 I think someone needs to put ina word for the
 English folk tradition though:
 .I Met a Girl and We Went Hunting (It Was a
 Metaphor for Sex)
 I Met a Girl and We Caught Some Birds (It
 Was a Metaphor for Sex)
 I Met a Girl and We Found Her Lost Pet (It
 Was a Metaphor for Sex)
 IMet a Girl By Staying At Her Parents'
 House and She Made My Bed (It Was an
 Especially Thinly-Veiled Metaphor for Sex)
 .IAm a Girl and I Regret Engaging In
 Metaphors for Sex Because Now I'm
 Pregnant
 .IMet a Girl and Bribed Her Into Sex But
 She Stole My Horse and Ran Away With It
 IMet a Girl At an Inn and We Had Non-
 Metaphorical Sex But She Stole My Stuff
 The Next Morning and Now I Have Syphilis
 Your Fiance Died Either at Trafalgar or
 Waterloo, Let's Get Married, I'm Glad You
 Said No Because I'm Really Him In
 Disguise
 Lord Nelson Sure Was Awesome
 The Press-Gang Dragged Off All the
 Important Men in My Life (And Now They
 Are Dead)
 .Farm Laborers Are The Salt of the Earth
 And Are Never Grindingly Poor
 Begging Is a Completely Viable Career
 Option With Flexible Hours and Unlimited
 Access to Alcohol
 infinite-magical-recipes
 behold mongolian folk music genres
 .I Went Out Riding and Noticed Mongolia
 We Fought a Bunch of Guys (On
 Horseback)
 Witness My Many Ungulates
 (While On a Horse) I Met a Hot Girl Who
 Reminded Me of a Plant
 On Three, Say What That Terrain Feature
 Looks Like to You (One, Two, Three, A
 Horse)
 Witness My Many Ancestors' Many
 Ungulates
 IAlso Enjoy Heavy Metal, Especially If It's
 Made of Horseshoes
 Oooorrrweeeeuuurrrreeeeuuuuwwwwwrrr
 rrrr (Is Tuvan for "Horse")
 You Might Not Know This About Me, But I
 Own a Horse
 Ee scarlettohairdye
 THE MONGOLIAN FOLK SONGS MADE IT
 BETTER
 churakaagii
 now with more okinawan!
 We Must Plant the Crops, Let's Get Drunk!
 We Must Harvest the Crops, Let's Get
 Drunk!
 .There's No Crops Right Now, Let's Get
 Drunk!
 Sex On the Beach Is Awesome, War Is Bad
 .There Are Ghosts in the Trees
 .The Japanese Exploit Us (And the
 Americans Do Too)
 I Love the Sea, This Island Is Beautiful,
 War Is Still Bad
 Hey, There's an Old Man, Let's Get Drunk!
 .Respect Your Parents Or You Will Be Lost
 at Sea Forever
 edamaskrosechicago
 As the daughter of a folksinger and spouse of a
 folklorist, I love this SO MUCH. Here's some
 from the sub-sub-genre of French folk songs of
 the Midwest...
 .IAm A Brawny-Armed Lumberjack Who
 Loves a Town Girl, Oh No!
 Oh Fuck, I Slept With a Fur Trapper, What
 Shall I Tell Maman?
 Hauling Logs, Rolling Logs, Driving Logs,
 All Day, What Ho!
 Like Hell You're Marrying That Good for
 Nothing Bambocheur!
 .Fetch My Gold Ring That Fell Into the Sea!
 Now!
 I Met A Sailor While A-Strolling, And Now
 We Are In Love!
 .IWant to Kiss the Sailor I Met A-Strolling,
 But I'm Afraid My Father Will Find Out!
 Oh Fuck, I Kissed the Sailor I Met
 A-Strolling And Now We Are Doomed!
 Nejohnnygreyart
 Some Italian Folk Music Genres
 A Spider Has Bitten Me And If I Do Not Dance I
 Will Die, Alas
 IAm A Very Fancy Man With A Very Fancy Hat
 The Cable Car Is A Thinly-Veiled Metaphor For
 Your Feminine Torture, O Woman
 Rome Is The Very Best Place And Every Other
 Place Is Just Awful
 I Love You, But You Are Married
 TLove You, But You Are Fickle (Why Did You
 Dance With The Baker's Son, Thou Vixen?)
 ILove You, But You Left Me All Alone On This
 Romantic Wind-Swept Hillside, Which Is
 Actually Very Pretty, But Not As Pretty As You,
 Foul Temptress
 Rome Is Stll The Best Place And Every Other
 Place Can Go Right To Hell
 Seriously Once You Have Been To Rome You
 Wll Just Be Sick At The Thought Of Being
 Anywhere Else, You Will Pine Away And Die
 TLove You, But You Are Dead (Or Maybe You
 Just Went To Live In A Slightly Prettier Place)
 Rome, Rome, O Rome, Ah Rome, Rome
 Rome Rome, Have I Mentioned That I Love
 Rome?
 Venetian Special Genres:
 Women Are Like The Ocean: Salty And Full Of
 Drowned Sailors
 Women Are Like The Ocean: I Cannot Figure
 Them Out At AlI
 I Saw You One Time At A Party And I Have
 Designs Upon Your Feminine Virtue
 TLove You, But You Are Married To The Ocean
 (For Some Reason)
 overloadextravaganza
 I thought I would add some Dutch ones,
 because I saw no one had added any:
 - That Girl Is A Prostitute (But At Least She
 Goes To Church)
 - That Incompetent Sailor Is Actually A Girl, But
 She Will Have Sex With You If You Don't Kick
 Her Off The Boat
 - Someone Of Any Occupation Is Doing
 Something, But Unfortunately They Are Now
 Dead
 - Fuck You Spain (Haha, We Sunk Your Boat
 And Stole Your Silver)
 - Fuck You England
 -We Might Be Small, But We Will Fight You
 - Life Isn't So Bad, If You Just Go Outside
 - Fuck You Winter
 -Look At That Guy (Wild Racism)
 - We Like Going To Other Countries (More Wild
 Racism)
 - Drinking Is Fun
 - Drinking Makes Me Long For Sea
 - God Is My Dad
 - My Province Is Great And Full Of Nature
 dI0iso
 Some nice Russian folk songs:
 . There Was A War And Everyone is Dead,
 There's Also a Symbolic Bird
 There is Going to Be a War And Everyone
 Will Die, There's Also a Sybmolic Bird
 The Dyeing Is Happening Right Now,
 There's Also a Symbolic Bird
 .I Had a Dream About Us Dying (No Birds
 Involved)
 .Alas You Are Dead
 .I'm a Bird, I Drink Vodka
 .Fuck It's Cold
 Frost Do Not Freeze Me Do Not Freeze My
 Horse Do Not Freeze My Wife PleaseI
 Have Children
 And my personal favourite:
 Ayy Lmao This Guys Head Just Got Shot
 Off, We Are Going to Die Hahaha
 tarsfatalis
 just couldn't miss an opportunity to provide
 you a comprehensive summary of Ukrainian
 folk music genres.
 I Married To A Man And Moved Far From My
 Home But I Want Fucking Back On My Fucking
 Land To My Parents And A Guy Whom I
 Actually Planned To Marry Before My Society's
 Patriarchal Structure Destroyed My Life
 A Guy Whom I Loved Loved Me And Also A
 Some Other Bitch So I Poisoned Him So That
 Nobody Gets Him
 This Is My Land And I Love It Very Much,
 Period
 -I Made A Traditional Kupala Wreath And
 Released It On Water To Find My Love, No
 Sexual Hits Involved
 I Have A Veeery Deeeeep Well In My
 Garden, And Also A Veeery Curly-Wurly
 Cabbage, And Also A Veeery Sweeeet Carrot
 Growing There, Come On Guys Check It Out,
 Oh, And There Are Totally No Sexual Hints
 Graphic Descriptions Of Lesbian Sex
 Everybody Is Dead After A Battle But There
 Is One Particular Cossack Whom I Am
 Especially Obligated To Mourn About Because
 He Is A Representative Of Our Entire Nation's
 Young People
 The Couple Cannot Be Together Because Of
 Various Reasons And Everybody Cries
 The Couple Cannot Be Together Because Of
 Various Reasons And Everybody Cries And It's
 Compared To Some Sad Shit Happening In
 Nature
 Let's Kill All People Who Threaten Ukraine
 Hahaha Yay!
 Let's Kill All People Who Threaten Ukraine
 And Involve Some Couple Who Cannot Be
 Together Because Of Various Reasons And
 Everybody Cries
 travelingworkshop
 Adding these well-known Cajun hits
 -I have a boat and have procured many
 crawfish do you love me?
 I sure do love crawfish, boats, the bayou, and
 also dancing
 My girlfriend can cook, and is therefore
 superior your girlfriend, who cannot
 my girlfriend cannot cook and is therefore
 inferior to all other girlfriends
 I saw you over a pile of crawfish and knew l
 was in love (on the bayou)
 a list of regional dishes set to the tune of
 kitchen utensils
 Lfurikomaru
 Canada checking in:
 -There was a ship and everyone on it was
 brave as it sank in a storm on the ocean or
 possibly one of our many inland-sea-sized
 lakes, please remember the name of the ship
 We fell in love when we were young and we
 didn't actually understand each other and you
 figured that out before I did because I'm slow-
 witted and you're kind of a jerk so you left me
 (now listen to this sick organ/fiddle/guitar
 harmonica/piano solo)
 Fuck the railroad, fuck the government, and
 especially fuck the HBC
 Gosh everything in this country is inhumanly
 big and inconvenient and trying to kill us, we're
 so lucky to live here, it's so majestic
 -The English stole our sheep and exiled my
 true love to Louisiana
 That's Cute an indigenous/ Métis
 coproduction after hearing that last one
 Well we're all in debt and working in a mine
 fucking sucks but at least we can get drunk
 and go dancing on the weekends
 This guy went to prison for a crime he didn't
 commit/did commit but with the most
 sympathetic motive for doing it ever and now
 he's out of jail and everything is bittersweet,
 either because he broke out and has to go
 back or because he's lost years of his life to a
 broken legal system.
 HELLO OUT THERE, WE'RE ON THE AIR,
 IT'S HOCKEY NIGHT TONIGHT!
 wetwareproblem
 Nova Scotia special edition:
 The sea sucks and left me a broken wreck of
 my former self.
 The sea sucks and killed my one true love.
 Working in a mine sucks and will kill you
 The weather sucks and will kill you.
 Poverty sucks and will kill you.
 -I desperately wish I could return home to
 Nova Scotia, that beautiful gem in the sea.
 janeandthehivequeen
 Oh I love this post so much
 cedrwydden
 Welsh Folk Songs
 . The Wren Is The Best Bird (And Delicious!)
 .I'm Gay For Owain Glyndwr
 .My Goats/Sheep/Cows Are Better Than
 Yours
 Lullaby About Killing Things
 Fuck You, England
 I'm Dying, But First...A Harp Solo
 .IWas Busy Thinking About A Girl And The
 Cows Ran Away
 .Got Dumped, Time To Die In The Woods
 .Wales Is Really Pretty, Our Trees Are The
 Best
 Owen Cheated On Me, So I Had Sex With
 David
 .IAlso Had Sex With The Hot Crwth Player
 And It Was Amazing
 .Life Is Suffering *BAGPIPES*
 1dduane
 Maybe it would be dangerous to add that I'm
 working on the Middle Kingdoms version of
 these... )
 fvondazs
 Get a load of these Malay folk songs:
 Check Out That Really Cute Girl With Nice
 Legs I'm in Love
 We Love Each Other But Your Parents Won't
 Let Us Get Married Cause I'm Poor
 We Love Each Other But Then You Changed
 Your Mind
 I'm Going To Work At Sea/Faraway From
 You Please Don't Cheat On Me
 Paddy Fields
 Oh Woe Is Me A Traveller In Foreign Lands I
 Wanna Go Home Where It Rain Rocks
 Be Nice to Everyone
 I Left to Get Rich Cause Your Parents Are
 Materialistic Jerks But I Come Back to Find
 You're Married to That Rich Guy Anyway
 -I Love You But You Don't Love Me Back Oh
 My Bleeding Heart
 -I'm a Traveller in These Foreign Lands
 Please Be Nice to Me
 More Paddy Fields
 Source: argona..
 121,562 notes
Traditional songs around the world

Traditional songs around the world

Love, Period, and Test: View of Table Mountain, see it every Tuesday during my test period. Love sitting at the window and looking out at it :)
Love, Period, and Test: View of Table Mountain, see it every Tuesday during my test period. Love sitting at the window and looking out at it :)

View of Table Mountain, see it every Tuesday during my test period. Love sitting at the window and looking out at it :)

Children, Instagram, and Internet: ers is filming EI HARMSWORTH MURPHY has told how his e is 'not all there while film- Blinders- and she's right. ear old actor admits he can't ring part of gangster Tommy ome with him and isn't exactly of laughs when shooting the eting series. ening up on life with Yvonne Mcuinness and their boys Malachy, 13, and Aran, 12, the star said: Tm not walking around talking like Tommy all the time, but you have to be there or thereabouts. So she's right, I'm not all there when Im filming. And in terms of life when we're filming -1 don't socialise, I just go home, learn the lines, go to bed. Murphy, whois back for a fifth series, told the Radio Times: You have to cancel reality for a little while. Part of acting in film and television kids, the desire to improve as actor remains but time becomes hugely important.I want to do good work and do it well, but then be at home. I love hanging out with my children, seeing how they behave and stealing ideas off them. You can't do that if you're in a hotel, on a plane, or a film set. It's not real life. an Doting: Cillian and Yvonne ccMAGES is that you have to go from sitting and he's the perfect husband and father. He said: For me, it's about being at home and living a life. Taking the dog for a walk, doing the shopping, emptying the dishwasher, going for a run. I guess I'm lucky. It's something that I need and value. The stability. After around in a trailer twiddling your thumbs, doing the crossword or what- ever, to bang! Being in it. Soif you're coming from a standstill, it doesn't work When he is finally out of character, he says home life in Ireland is sweet YoUTube pair's Kew-t wedding on Twitter. Marzia gushed was the most besutiful day whi w treasure forever I feel ite m the luckiest person PewDiePie's career has deen littered with controverss Dsne cut ties with him in 207 aftr he Wall Streer Joarmal regw on some of his viden Semitic' content, which he insisted were jokes business owner Marzia, who has 6.3million Instagram followers. He posted: 'We are married!! I'm the happiest I can be. I'm so lucky to share my life with this amazing woman.' The couple, together for eight years and worth an estimated £26.3million, had all the publicity they could hope for: a combined 24million followers on Instagram 107million on YouTube and 22million Life-long subscriber: The vlogger, wearing all black, and his partner Marzia Bisognin were married at Kew Gardens A SOCIAL media powerhouse was formed when vlogger PewDiePie and Instagrammer Marzia Bisognin tied the knot in London's Kew Gardens. PewDiePie real name Felix Kjellberg has more than 99million subscribers on YouTube, making his channel its second-most popular. The Swede, 29, took to the internet yesterday after his big day on Monday with 26-year-old Italian sky Get Sky TV & Cinema together in HD sky £38 £31 ky Citem per month Payer cinema sky O1 Award-winning Sky TV shows |Over 1000 movies on demand For new and existing customers Home Cinema Bundle New 18-month minimum terms.prices may change duringthis period Aaryland set p w arnd HD pack (ES pm) Youmust keep all three pecks for 18 monhs rices apply after 18 months (aurrenty, Sky Entertainment 27 ysubsiption. Selected channels/ icesmay vary if you ive in aflat. Youmu8R eom sensfree f charge and fa te adanAA , remum and Spsofy Famiy Cort at' August2919.0291# pterooadoinfshu h Up on AA Look what I found in the metro
Children, Instagram, and Internet: ers is filming
 EI HARMSWORTH
 MURPHY has told how his
 e is 'not all there while film-
 Blinders- and she's right.
 ear old actor admits he can't
 ring part of gangster Tommy
 ome with him and isn't exactly
 of laughs when shooting the
 eting series.
 ening up on life with Yvonne
 Mcuinness and their boys Malachy,
 13, and Aran, 12, the star said: Tm
 not walking around talking like Tommy
 all the time, but you have to be there
 or thereabouts.
 So she's right, I'm not all there when
 Im filming. And in terms of life when
 we're filming -1 don't socialise, I just
 go home, learn the lines, go to bed.
 Murphy, whois back for a fifth series,
 told the Radio Times: You have to
 cancel reality for a little while.
 Part of acting in film and television
 kids, the desire to improve as
 actor remains but time becomes hugely
 important.I want to do good work and
 do it well, but then be at home.
 I love hanging out with my children,
 seeing how they behave and stealing
 ideas off them.
 You can't do that if you're in a
 hotel, on a plane, or a film set. It's
 not real life.
 an
 Doting: Cillian and Yvonne ccMAGES
 is that you have to go from sitting and he's the perfect husband and
 father. He said: For me, it's about being
 at home and living a life.
 Taking the dog for a walk, doing the
 shopping, emptying the dishwasher,
 going for a run.
 I guess I'm lucky. It's something that
 I need and value. The stability. After
 around in a trailer twiddling your
 thumbs, doing the crossword or what-
 ever, to bang! Being in it.
 Soif you're coming from a standstill,
 it doesn't work
 When he is finally out of character,
 he says home life in Ireland is sweet
 YoUTube pair's Kew-t wedding
 on Twitter. Marzia gushed was
 the most besutiful day whi w
 treasure forever I feel ite m the
 luckiest person
 PewDiePie's career has deen
 littered with controverss Dsne
 cut ties with him in 207 aftr he
 Wall Streer Joarmal regw
 on some of his viden
 Semitic' content, which he
 insisted were jokes
 business owner Marzia, who has
 6.3million Instagram followers.
 He posted: 'We are married!! I'm
 the happiest I can be. I'm so lucky to
 share my life with this amazing
 woman.' The couple, together for
 eight years and worth an estimated
 £26.3million, had all the publicity
 they could hope for: a combined
 24million followers on Instagram
 107million on YouTube and 22million
 Life-long
 subscriber:
 The vlogger,
 wearing all
 black, and
 his partner
 Marzia
 Bisognin
 were married
 at Kew
 Gardens
 A SOCIAL media powerhouse was
 formed when vlogger PewDiePie and
 Instagrammer Marzia Bisognin tied
 the knot in London's Kew Gardens.
 PewDiePie real name Felix
 Kjellberg has more than 99million
 subscribers on YouTube, making his
 channel its second-most popular.
 The Swede, 29, took to the internet
 yesterday after his big day on
 Monday with 26-year-old Italian
 sky
 Get Sky TV & Cinema together in HD
 sky
 £38
 £31
 ky Citem
 per month
 Payer
 cinema
 sky O1 Award-winning Sky TV shows |Over 1000 movies on demand
 For new and existing customers
 Home Cinema Bundle New 18-month minimum terms.prices may change duringthis period Aaryland set p w
 arnd HD pack (ES pm) Youmust keep all three pecks for 18 monhs
 rices apply after 18 months (aurrenty, Sky Entertainment 27
 ysubsiption. Selected channels/
 icesmay vary if you ive in aflat. Youmu8R eom
 sensfree f charge and fa te adanAA ,
 remum and Spsofy Famiy Cort at' August2919.0291#
 pterooadoinfshu
 h Up
 on
 AA
Look what I found in the metro

Look what I found in the metro

Anime, Period, and Samurai: Anra Follow @AnraNana Critically and commercially acclaimed director Shinichiro Watanabe on colorism in the Japanese anime industry and the importance of diversity and genuine care in creating art. Watanabe: The anime does deal with samurai, and tion to skin color," Watan in the back of my mind I was always woried it would multiple languages. Lots be seen as nationalistic. That is why I made one of the ave white skin- all the ch main characters someone from the Ryukyus, and put ever liked. I wanted to ha in the bit about a person training in China, and had le bit about it. The same foreign characters appear. If you watch the anime, it'sred in multiple languages, clear that it has nothing to do with it. It is not an an ed. ime designed to "protect Japan's unique traditions and culture." National borders have always been arbitrarily drawn by people, and in ancient times there was a lot of exchange of people and culture with the continent. But then you get into a conversation about the Jomon and Yayoi peoples. dif people weren't used to Q: How would you explain that? Watanabe: There are many theories about who the original Japanese were, but it's pretty clear that we were not all one ethnic group but a mix of various ones. First we had the Jomon. Most of them were hunters and gatherers. Once you enter the Yayoi Period you have 10:28 PM - 18 Jun 2019 15,092 Retweets 35,120 Likes Q: This may be a little off-topic, but what do you think of nationalism? Watanabe: The anime does deal with samurai, and in the back of my mind I was always worried it would be seen as nationalistic. That is why I made one of the main characters someone from the Ryukyus, and put in the bit about a person training in China, and had foreign characters appear. If you watch the anime, it's clear that it has nothing to do with it. It is not an an- ime designed to "protect Japan's unique traditions and culture." National borders have always been arbitrarily drawn by people, and in ancient times there was a lot of exchange of people and culture with the continent. But then you get into a conversation about the Jomon and Yayoi peoples. Q: How would you explain that? Watanabe: There are many theories about who the original Japanese were, but it's pretty clear that we were not all one ethnic group but a mix of various ones. First we had the Jomon. Most of them were hunters and gatherers. Once you enter the Yayoi Period you have lots of people coming here from the continent and bringing agriculture with them. When the imperial sys- "I paid a lot of attention to skin color," Watanabe said in The Jazz Messengers. "Also to using multiple languages. Lots of times when you watch anime, the characters all have white skin - all the characters in fantasy stories all have white skin, which I never liked. I wanted to have lots of characters in Bebop without the white skin, and if people weren't used to that, well, maybe it would even make them think a little bit about it. The same was true for languages. I wanted to have lines muttered in multiple languages, but that would have been just too difficult," he laughed. gahdamnpunk:The critical thinking, the self awareness…Taste and talent JUMPED OUT
Anime, Period, and Samurai: Anra
 Follow
 @AnraNana
 Critically and commercially acclaimed
 director Shinichiro Watanabe on
 colorism in the Japanese anime industry
 and the importance of diversity and
 genuine care in creating art.
 Watanabe: The anime does deal with samurai, and tion to skin color," Watan
 in the back of my mind I was always woried it would multiple languages. Lots
 be seen as nationalistic. That is why I made one of the ave white skin- all the ch
 main characters someone from the Ryukyus, and put ever liked. I wanted to ha
 in the bit about a person training in China, and had le bit about it. The same
 foreign characters appear. If you watch the anime, it'sred in multiple languages,
 clear that it has nothing to do with it. It is not an an ed.
 ime designed to "protect Japan's unique traditions and
 culture." National borders have always been arbitrarily
 drawn by people, and in ancient times there was a lot
 of exchange of people and culture with the continent.
 But then you get into a conversation about the Jomon
 and Yayoi peoples.
 dif people weren't used to
 Q: How would you explain that?
 Watanabe: There are many theories about who the
 original Japanese were, but it's pretty clear that we were
 not all one ethnic group but a mix of various ones. First
 we had the Jomon. Most of them were hunters and
 gatherers. Once you enter the Yayoi Period you have
 10:28 PM - 18 Jun 2019
 15,092 Retweets 35,120 Likes

 Q: This may be a little off-topic, but what do you
 think of nationalism?
 Watanabe: The anime does deal with samurai, and
 in the back of my mind I was always worried it would
 be seen as nationalistic. That is why I made one of the
 main characters someone from the Ryukyus, and put
 in the bit about a person training in China, and had
 foreign characters appear. If you watch the anime, it's
 clear that it has nothing to do with it. It is not an an-
 ime designed to "protect Japan's unique traditions and
 culture." National borders have always been arbitrarily
 drawn by people, and in ancient times there was a lot
 of exchange of people and culture with the continent.
 But then you get into a conversation about the Jomon
 and Yayoi peoples.
 Q: How would you explain that?
 Watanabe: There are many theories about who the
 original Japanese were, but it's pretty clear that we were
 not all one ethnic group but a mix of various ones. First
 we had the Jomon. Most of them were hunters and
 gatherers. Once you enter the Yayoi Period you have
 lots of people coming here from the continent and
 bringing agriculture with them. When the imperial sys-

 "I paid a lot of attention to skin color," Watanabe said in The Jazz
 Messengers. "Also to using multiple languages. Lots of times when you watch
 anime, the characters all have white skin - all the characters in fantasy stories all
 have white skin, which I never liked. I wanted to have lots of characters in Bebop
 without the white skin, and if people weren't used to that, well, maybe it would
 even make them think a little bit about it. The same was true for languages. I
 wanted to have lines muttered in multiple languages, but that would have been
 just too difficult," he laughed.
gahdamnpunk:The critical thinking, the self awareness…Taste and talent JUMPED OUT

gahdamnpunk:The critical thinking, the self awareness…Taste and talent JUMPED OUT

Being Alone, Asian, and Bodies : Trauma- and Stressor-Related Disorders 276 r trucks) and those not related to the traumatic event (e.g., being fearful of suffering a heart attack) (Criterion E3). Individuals with PTSD may be very reactive to un- expected stimuli, displaying a heightened startle response, or jumpiness, to loud noises or unexpected movements (e.g., jumping markedly in response to a telephone ringing) (Cri- terion E4). Concentration difficulties, including difficulty remembering daily events (e-g. forgetting one's telephone number) or attending to focused tasks (e.g., following a conver- sation for a sustained period of time), are commonly reported (Criterion E5). Problems with sleep onset and maintenance are common and may be associated with nightmares and safety concerns or with generalized elevated arousal that interferes with adequate sleep (Criterion E6). Some individuals also experience persistent dissociative symptoms of de- tachment from their bodies (depersonalization) or the world around them (derealization); Somatic Symptom and caused by cars Related Disorders Somatic symptom disorder and other disorders with prominent somatic symp- toms constitute a new category in DSM-5 called somatic symptom and related disorders. This chapter includes the diagnosses of somatic symptom disorder, illness anxiety disorder, con- version disorder (functional neurological symptom disorder), psychological factors affect- ing other medical conditions, factitious disorder, other specified somatic symptom and related disorder, and unspecified somatic symptom and related disorder. All of the disor- ders in this chapter share a common feature: the prominence of somatic symptoms associ- ated with significant distress and impairment. Individuals with disorders with prominent this is reflected in the "with dissociative symptoms" specifier. Associated Features Supporting Diagnosis Developmental regression, such as loss of language in young children, may occur. Audi- tory pseudo-hallucinations, such as thoughts spoken in one or more different voices, as well as paranoid ideation, can be pres- ent. Following prolonged, repeated, and severe traumatic events (e.g., childhood abuse, torture), the individual may additionally experience difficulties in regulating emotions or maintaining stable interpersonal relationships, matic event produces violent death, symptoms of both problematic bereavement and PTSD may be present. commonly encountered in primary care and other medical settings are having the sensory experience of hearing one's somatic symptoms but are less commonly encountered in psychiatric and other mental health settings. These reorganization of DSM-IV somatoform disorder di- agnoses, are more useful for primary care and other medical (nonpsychiatric) clinicians. The major diagnosis in this diagnostic class, somatic symptom disorder, emphasizes reconceptualized diagnoses, based on a or dissociative symptoms. When the trau- diagnosis made on the basis of positive symptoms and signs (distressing somatic symp- toms plus abnormal thoughts, feelings, and behaviors in response to these symptoms) rather than the absence of a medical explanation for somatic symptoms. A distinctive char- acteristic of many individuals with somatic symptom disorder is not the somatic symp- toms per se, but instead the way they present and interpret them. Incorporating affective, cognitive, and behavioral components into the criteria for somatic symptom disorder pro- Prevalence In the United States, projected lifetime risk for PTSD using DSM-IV criteria at age 75 years is 8.7%. Twelve-month prevalence among U.S. adults is about 3.5%. Lower estimates are seen in Europe and most Asian, African, and Latin American countries, clustering around 0.5%-1.0 % . Although different groups have different levels of exposure to traumatic events, the conditional probability of developing PTSD following a similar level of expo- sure may also vary across cultural groups. Rates of PTSD are others whose vocation increases the risk of traumatic exposure (e.g., police, firefighters, emergency medical personnel). Highest rates (ranging from one-third to more than one- half of those exposed) and ethnically may vary across development; children and adolescents, including preschool children, generally have displayed lower prevalence following exposure to serious traumatic events; however, this may be because previous criteria were insufficiently tally informed. The prevalence of full-threshold PTSD also appears to be older adults compared with the general population; there is evidence tha presentations are more common than full PTSD in later life and that these associated with substantial clinical impairment. Compared with U.S. non higher rates of PTSD have been reported among U.S. Latinos, African A American Indians, and lower rates have been reported among Asian Ame justment for traumatic exposure and demographic variables. comprehensive and accurate reflection of the true clinical picture than can be vides a more achieved by assessing the somatic complaints alone. The principles behind the changes in the somatic symptom and related diagnoses from DSM-IV are crucial in understanding the DSM-5 diagnoses. The DSM-IV term somatoform disorders was confusing and is replaced by somatic symptom and related disorders. In DSM-IV there was a great deal of overlap across the somatoform disorders and a lack of clarity about the boundaries of diagnoses. Although individuals with these disorders primarily present in medical rather than mental health settings, nonpsychiatric physicians found the DSM-IV somatoform diagnoses difficult to understand and use. The current DSM-5 clas- ication recognizes this overlap by reducing the total number of disorders as well as their higher among veterans and are found among survivors of rape, military combat and captivity, politically motivated internment and genocide. The prevalence of PTSD or categories. The previous criteria overemphasized the centrality of medically unexplained symptoms. ch symptoms are present to various degrees, particularly in conversion disorder, but so- atic symptom rders can also accompany diagnosed medical disorders. The reli- that a somatic symptom is medically unexplained is limited, and explanation is problematic and reinforces t is not appropriate to give an individual a mental disorder diagnosis lical cause cannot be demonstrated. Furthermore, the presence of a bes not exclude the possibility ofa comorbid mental disorder, includ- tom and related disorder. Perhaps because of the predominant focus explanation, individuals regarded these diagnoses as pejorative and de- g that their physical symptoms were not "real." The new classification diagnosis, somatic symptom disorder, on the basis of positive symptoms atic symptoms plus abnormal thoughts, feelings, and behaviors in response omen- nong hold is are bility of dete grounding mind-body solely bec medical d hites, , and er ad- is on the absence of an Development and Course ing a sor on lack mean defi (d PTSD can occur at any age, beginning after the f within the first 3 months after the trauma, altho even years, before criteria for the diagnosis are m DSM-IV called "delayed onset" but is now called tion that some symptoms typically appear immedi full criteria. f life. Symptor egin , or hat ni- ing: may be a del sabundant e vression," at the del 309 CLASSIF ADHD TI EXCORIA EARN HOARD AUTISM COMMUN GEN ANX INTELL DISAB PTSD Re Alta MOTO VWO SOC ANX 80Hd P CATA Off to spend $200 on a new DSM 5. Can you spot why? You'll never guess what's on page 300. AND WITH THIS VERSION NEITHER WILL I!
Being Alone, Asian, and Bodies : Trauma- and Stressor-Related Disorders
 276
 r trucks) and those not related to the traumatic event (e.g., being fearful of
 suffering a heart attack) (Criterion E3). Individuals with PTSD may be very reactive to un-
 expected stimuli, displaying a heightened startle response, or jumpiness, to loud noises or
 unexpected movements (e.g., jumping markedly in response to a telephone ringing) (Cri-
 terion E4). Concentration difficulties, including difficulty remembering daily events (e-g.
 forgetting one's telephone number) or attending to focused tasks (e.g., following a conver-
 sation for a sustained period of time), are commonly reported (Criterion E5). Problems
 with sleep onset and maintenance are common and may be associated with nightmares
 and safety concerns or with generalized elevated arousal that interferes with adequate sleep
 (Criterion E6). Some individuals also experience persistent dissociative symptoms of de-
 tachment from their bodies (depersonalization) or the world around them (derealization);
 Somatic Symptom and
 caused by cars
 Related Disorders
 Somatic symptom disorder and other disorders with prominent somatic symp-
 toms constitute a new category in DSM-5 called somatic symptom and related disorders. This
 chapter includes the diagnosses of somatic symptom disorder, illness anxiety disorder, con-
 version disorder (functional neurological symptom disorder), psychological factors affect-
 ing other medical conditions, factitious disorder, other specified somatic symptom and
 related disorder, and unspecified somatic symptom and related disorder. All of the disor-
 ders in this chapter share a common feature: the prominence of somatic symptoms associ-
 ated with significant distress and impairment. Individuals with disorders with prominent
 this is reflected in the "with dissociative symptoms" specifier.
 Associated Features Supporting Diagnosis
 Developmental regression, such as loss of language in young children, may occur. Audi-
 tory pseudo-hallucinations, such as
 thoughts spoken in one or more different voices, as well as paranoid ideation, can be pres-
 ent. Following prolonged, repeated, and severe traumatic events (e.g., childhood abuse,
 torture), the individual may additionally experience difficulties in regulating emotions or
 maintaining stable interpersonal relationships,
 matic event produces violent death, symptoms of both problematic bereavement and PTSD
 may be present.
 commonly encountered in primary
 care and other medical settings
 are
 having the sensory experience of hearing one's
 somatic symptoms
 but are less commonly encountered in psychiatric and other mental health settings. These
 reorganization of DSM-IV somatoform disorder di-
 agnoses, are more useful for primary care and other medical (nonpsychiatric) clinicians.
 The major diagnosis in this diagnostic class, somatic symptom disorder, emphasizes
 reconceptualized diagnoses, based on a
 or dissociative symptoms. When the trau-
 diagnosis made on the basis of positive symptoms and signs (distressing somatic symp-
 toms plus abnormal thoughts, feelings, and behaviors in response to these symptoms)
 rather than the absence of a medical explanation for somatic symptoms. A distinctive char-
 acteristic of many individuals with somatic symptom disorder is not the somatic symp-
 toms per se, but instead the way they present and interpret them. Incorporating affective,
 cognitive, and behavioral components into the criteria for somatic symptom disorder pro-
 Prevalence
 In the United States, projected lifetime risk for PTSD using DSM-IV criteria at age 75 years
 is 8.7%. Twelve-month prevalence among U.S. adults is about 3.5%. Lower estimates are
 seen in Europe and most Asian, African, and Latin American countries, clustering around
 0.5%-1.0 % . Although different groups have different levels of exposure to traumatic
 events, the conditional probability of developing PTSD following a similar level of expo-
 sure may also vary across cultural groups. Rates of PTSD are
 others whose vocation increases the risk of traumatic exposure (e.g., police, firefighters,
 emergency medical personnel). Highest rates (ranging from one-third to more than one-
 half of those exposed)
 and ethnically
 may vary across development; children and adolescents, including preschool children,
 generally have displayed lower prevalence following exposure to serious traumatic
 events; however, this may be because previous criteria were insufficiently
 tally informed. The prevalence of full-threshold PTSD also appears to be
 older adults compared with the general population; there is evidence tha
 presentations are more common than full PTSD in later life and that these
 associated with substantial clinical impairment. Compared with U.S. non
 higher rates of PTSD have been reported among U.S. Latinos, African A
 American Indians, and lower rates have been reported among Asian Ame
 justment for traumatic exposure and demographic variables.
 comprehensive and accurate reflection of the true clinical picture than can be
 vides a more
 achieved by assessing the somatic complaints alone.
 The principles behind the changes in the somatic symptom and related diagnoses from
 DSM-IV are crucial in understanding the DSM-5 diagnoses. The DSM-IV term somatoform
 disorders was confusing and is replaced by somatic symptom and related disorders. In DSM-IV
 there was a great deal of overlap across the somatoform disorders and a lack of clarity
 about the boundaries of diagnoses. Although individuals with these disorders primarily
 present in medical rather than mental health settings, nonpsychiatric physicians found the
 DSM-IV somatoform diagnoses difficult to understand and use. The current DSM-5 clas-
 ication recognizes this overlap by reducing the total number of disorders as well as their
 higher among veterans and
 are found among survivors of rape, military combat and captivity,
 politically motivated internment and genocide. The prevalence of PTSD
 or
 categories.
 The previous criteria overemphasized the centrality of medically unexplained symptoms.
 ch symptoms are present to various degrees, particularly in conversion disorder, but so-
 atic symptom rders can also accompany diagnosed medical disorders. The reli-
 that a somatic symptom is medically unexplained is limited, and
 explanation is problematic and reinforces
 t is not appropriate to give an individual a mental disorder diagnosis
 lical cause cannot be demonstrated. Furthermore, the presence of a
 bes not exclude the possibility ofa comorbid mental disorder, includ-
 tom and related disorder. Perhaps because of the predominant focus
 explanation, individuals regarded these diagnoses as pejorative and de-
 g that their physical symptoms were not "real." The new classification
 diagnosis, somatic symptom disorder, on the basis of positive symptoms
 atic symptoms plus abnormal thoughts, feelings, and behaviors in response
 omen-
 nong
 hold
 is are
 bility of dete
 grounding
 mind-body
 solely bec
 medical d
 hites,
 , and
 er ad-
 is on the absence of an
 Development and Course
 ing a sor
 on lack
 mean
 defi
 (d
 PTSD can occur at any age, beginning after the f
 within the first 3 months after the trauma, altho
 even years, before criteria for the diagnosis are m
 DSM-IV called "delayed onset" but is now called
 tion that some symptoms typically appear immedi
 full criteria.
 f life. Symptor
 egin
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Off to spend $200 on a new DSM 5. Can you spot why? You'll never guess what's on page 300. AND WITH THIS VERSION NEITHER WILL I!

Off to spend $200 on a new DSM 5. Can you spot why? You'll never guess what's on page 300. AND WITH THIS VERSION NEITHER WILL I!

Period, Mom, and Random: Pm ready to explode So far in the last 24 hours, I've started my period with random nausea attacks, and my mom insisted i de-transition triggering a massive case of imposter syndrome.
Period, Mom, and Random: Pm ready to explode
So far in the last 24 hours, I've started my period with random nausea attacks, and my mom insisted i de-transition triggering a massive case of imposter syndrome.

So far in the last 24 hours, I've started my period with random nausea attacks, and my mom insisted i de-transition triggering a massive cas...