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Empire, Ethiopians, and Memes: Somalians have had to fight the Italians British, French, Cubans, Ethiopians &more because everyone wants control of Somalia BARTAMAHA, COM chakabars Colonialism of Somalia 🇸🇴 : 1840-1960 Between 1840 and 1886, the British East India Company established a series of trade treaties with various Somali chiefs. Italy also had a hand in the early establishment of Somalia and marked out the boundaries of Italian Somaliland in the south between 1897 and 1908. Ethiopia claimed the Ogaden region of western Somaliland in 1897. The first uprising against colonialism occurred when Somalis sought to push the Ethiopians out of the Ogaden region but then expanded to target European colonists as well. The Dervish State, headed Mohammed Abdille Hassan, an Ogaden himself who the British referred to as “Mad Mullah,” conducted a religious-based war of resistance against the Ethiopians and British from 1899 to 1920, resulting in the death of nearly one third of northern Somalia’s population. Great Britain defeated Hassan in 1920. Italy maintained control of Italian Somaliland as a part of its African empire (including Ethiopia and Eritrea) until 1941. During WWII Great Britain also took over these areas and ruled them as military protectorates until 1949, at which time the newly formed United Nations granted Italy a trusteeship over most of present-day Somalia. The British maintained a trusteeship over what is today the self-declared state of Somaliland. While the Italians dedicated significant effort towards developing their colony, Great Britain took a more hands-off approach to governance, leaving more responsibility in the hands of local leaders but also providing less by way of infrastructure. These distinctions are often cited as underpinnings of the incompatibility that would arise between the two areas. This colonial history, in addition to other dynamics, is also seen to play a role in the subsequent, contrasting levels of stability of Somalia and Somaliland. chakabars
Empire, Ethiopians, and Memes: Somalians have had to fight the Italians
 British, French, Cubans, Ethiopians &more
 because everyone wants control of Somalia
 BARTAMAHA, COM
 chakabars
Colonialism of Somalia 🇸🇴 : 1840-1960 Between 1840 and 1886, the British East India Company established a series of trade treaties with various Somali chiefs. Italy also had a hand in the early establishment of Somalia and marked out the boundaries of Italian Somaliland in the south between 1897 and 1908. Ethiopia claimed the Ogaden region of western Somaliland in 1897. The first uprising against colonialism occurred when Somalis sought to push the Ethiopians out of the Ogaden region but then expanded to target European colonists as well. The Dervish State, headed Mohammed Abdille Hassan, an Ogaden himself who the British referred to as “Mad Mullah,” conducted a religious-based war of resistance against the Ethiopians and British from 1899 to 1920, resulting in the death of nearly one third of northern Somalia’s population. Great Britain defeated Hassan in 1920. Italy maintained control of Italian Somaliland as a part of its African empire (including Ethiopia and Eritrea) until 1941. During WWII Great Britain also took over these areas and ruled them as military protectorates until 1949, at which time the newly formed United Nations granted Italy a trusteeship over most of present-day Somalia. The British maintained a trusteeship over what is today the self-declared state of Somaliland. While the Italians dedicated significant effort towards developing their colony, Great Britain took a more hands-off approach to governance, leaving more responsibility in the hands of local leaders but also providing less by way of infrastructure. These distinctions are often cited as underpinnings of the incompatibility that would arise between the two areas. This colonial history, in addition to other dynamics, is also seen to play a role in the subsequent, contrasting levels of stability of Somalia and Somaliland. chakabars

Colonialism of Somalia 🇸🇴 : 1840-1960 Between 1840 and 1886, the British East India Company established a series of trade treaties with vari...

Memes, The Voice, and Avocado: Think of others. How do you sleep at night? Your body is resting but your soul is troubled. I use writing to show you that I am a whole person. I know that between what is meant & not said & what is said but not meant, much of love is lost. While some people face more suffering than others, I will represent the oppressed, I will define myself on my own terms as the fluidity of the f*ckry continues to exist. It is not for anyone else to define yourself but you & a culture that loves you. Some days I am a black man, Some days I am an African man, Some days I am an African woman, Some days I am a Palestinian child, Or an animal trying to stop the unnecessary slaughter of life for capitalism. Some days I am a tree in a rainforest about to be destroyed, some days I am a native trying to stop a pipeline... when we work together we can achieve whatever. Some days I have no money & I am fighting against governmental cuts, as I need to feed my family. Some days I am a labourer in a coltan mine, or on an avocado plantation, somedays I imagine myself working in Barbados on the sugar plantations, picking tea in Sri Lanka, or rice in China. Some days I am from West Papua, or an aboriginal Australian forced into a concentration camp some call a reservation. Some days I am homeless on the streets of London, other days I am a woman who is a victim of sexual violence & police brutality. Everyday I am me, I wish that we could just all be one, just another member of the global human race, but you are reading this in English, my post colonial tongue appeals to you because I was educated in the Uk & have a western passport, because of the violence carried out by the colonisers who created borders. Yet those refugees in the camp in Calais, who only speak Arabic & not french don't matter to many, this is why you have to be the voice, of those silenced by the systems that benefit a few but destroy many others. Today I might be a sex slave in Romania or a tortured man in Guantanamo bay, tomorrow I might be a political prisoner in Angola... I will sleep better knowing that my life isn't just for me. chakabars
Memes, The Voice, and Avocado: Think of others.
How do you sleep at night? Your body is resting but your soul is troubled. I use writing to show you that I am a whole person. I know that between what is meant & not said & what is said but not meant, much of love is lost. While some people face more suffering than others, I will represent the oppressed, I will define myself on my own terms as the fluidity of the f*ckry continues to exist. It is not for anyone else to define yourself but you & a culture that loves you. Some days I am a black man, Some days I am an African man, Some days I am an African woman, Some days I am a Palestinian child, Or an animal trying to stop the unnecessary slaughter of life for capitalism. Some days I am a tree in a rainforest about to be destroyed, some days I am a native trying to stop a pipeline... when we work together we can achieve whatever. Some days I have no money & I am fighting against governmental cuts, as I need to feed my family. Some days I am a labourer in a coltan mine, or on an avocado plantation, somedays I imagine myself working in Barbados on the sugar plantations, picking tea in Sri Lanka, or rice in China. Some days I am from West Papua, or an aboriginal Australian forced into a concentration camp some call a reservation. Some days I am homeless on the streets of London, other days I am a woman who is a victim of sexual violence & police brutality. Everyday I am me, I wish that we could just all be one, just another member of the global human race, but you are reading this in English, my post colonial tongue appeals to you because I was educated in the Uk & have a western passport, because of the violence carried out by the colonisers who created borders. Yet those refugees in the camp in Calais, who only speak Arabic & not french don't matter to many, this is why you have to be the voice, of those silenced by the systems that benefit a few but destroy many others. Today I might be a sex slave in Romania or a tortured man in Guantanamo bay, tomorrow I might be a political prisoner in Angola... I will sleep better knowing that my life isn't just for me. chakabars

How do you sleep at night? Your body is resting but your soul is troubled. I use writing to show you that I am a whole person. I know that b...

Memes, Preach, and She Knows: When people tell you that you are racist, for saying you are going to have children, with a woman from your ethnic background, & You're just over here laughing taking a bath in their tears @chakabars My daughter will be African, her mother is going to teach her to love her natural beauty, from the moment she is born. I will teach her the same, not just by what I tell her, but what I show her. Her mother will be African & practice natural beauty as a way of life just by being true to her ancestors & her beautiful African culture. We will raise her eating organic, natural electrical alkaline soul food. There will be no superficiality, she will be home schooled or schooled in a pan African school run by Africans & taught an Afrocentric curriculum. I went to European school, run by Europeans, that had a European curriculum. It was miseducation. It's fine for Europeans but not for Africans. We will make sure she knows Herstory not just the story of men. We will inform her about all religions & show her the reality of man & how regardless of his preaching, his actions negate his fantasies. We will teach her about MA'AT, food combining, circadian rhythms of the body, police brutality, transatlantic & trans Saharan slavery, colonialism, Kemet, Kush, the dogon, the himba, the Gerzeans, Badarians & Nagadans, because many of the Neolithic African cultures were matriarchal, she will learn this when I teach her about the people at Merimde & how the Africans called the Natufians were the first peoples in Palestine 10,000 years ago. I will teach her how using radiocarbon dating, the Archaeologists Alison brooks & John Yellen have uncovered artefacts that highlight advanced Katandan & Ishango cultures in east central Africa, that date back as old as 70,000 years ago. This level of advancement was not achieved out of Africa until at least 54,000 years later. I will teach her about the Queens, the farmers the freedom fighters and the mothers of civilisation. How it was an African woman Fatima Cécile Fatiman, who was the spiritual leader of the Haitian revolution, she organised the Voodoo ceremony at Bois Caïman which was the starting point for the only revolution in human history, where the enslaved population have overthrown the oppressive goverment & become the goverment. I will teach her that she matters & is a Goddess & original creator of life. chakabars
Memes, Preach, and She Knows: When people tell you that you are racist, for
 saying you are going to have children, with a
 woman from your ethnic background, & You're
 just over here laughing taking a bath in their
 tears
 @chakabars
My daughter will be African, her mother is going to teach her to love her natural beauty, from the moment she is born. I will teach her the same, not just by what I tell her, but what I show her. Her mother will be African & practice natural beauty as a way of life just by being true to her ancestors & her beautiful African culture. We will raise her eating organic, natural electrical alkaline soul food. There will be no superficiality, she will be home schooled or schooled in a pan African school run by Africans & taught an Afrocentric curriculum. I went to European school, run by Europeans, that had a European curriculum. It was miseducation. It's fine for Europeans but not for Africans. We will make sure she knows Herstory not just the story of men. We will inform her about all religions & show her the reality of man & how regardless of his preaching, his actions negate his fantasies. We will teach her about MA'AT, food combining, circadian rhythms of the body, police brutality, transatlantic & trans Saharan slavery, colonialism, Kemet, Kush, the dogon, the himba, the Gerzeans, Badarians & Nagadans, because many of the Neolithic African cultures were matriarchal, she will learn this when I teach her about the people at Merimde & how the Africans called the Natufians were the first peoples in Palestine 10,000 years ago. I will teach her how using radiocarbon dating, the Archaeologists Alison brooks & John Yellen have uncovered artefacts that highlight advanced Katandan & Ishango cultures in east central Africa, that date back as old as 70,000 years ago. This level of advancement was not achieved out of Africa until at least 54,000 years later. I will teach her about the Queens, the farmers the freedom fighters and the mothers of civilisation. How it was an African woman Fatima Cécile Fatiman, who was the spiritual leader of the Haitian revolution, she organised the Voodoo ceremony at Bois Caïman which was the starting point for the only revolution in human history, where the enslaved population have overthrown the oppressive goverment & become the goverment. I will teach her that she matters & is a Goddess & original creator of life. chakabars

My daughter will be African, her mother is going to teach her to love her natural beauty, from the moment she is born. I will teach her the ...